1) Pachycondyla villosa swimming across a pond in Panama.
2) Odontomachus bauri swimming across a pond in Panama.
3) Dolichoderus bispinosus swimming (slowly) across a pond in Panama. This species is considered a “weak” swimmer based on our classification, whereas the two species above are “strong” swimmers.
4) The leafcutter ant Atta cephalotes struggling at the water surface in a pond in Panama.
High-speed Videos (recorded at 240 frames per second in the laboratory)
1) Odontomachus bauri
2) Pachycondyla villosa